- No smoking or use of any type of tobacco - If you're a smoked, you can minimize your cancer risk by stopping now. It may not be easy but the benefits are almost instantaneous. Medical professionals have found that a person's health can improve within minutes of the last puff and the advantages can last a lifetime.
- Keep your home and car, smoke free - All the cancer causing ingredients in cigarettes, cigars and pipes are also found in secondhand smoke. Even the remnants of tobacco smoke on surfaces, known as third-hand smoke, can be a health hazard.
- Being active - Research shows that regular exercise can reduce the risk of breast and colon cancers.
- Start heart-health diet - Eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day, switch to whole grains, limit your salt and choose healthy oils and fats.
- Limit alcohol intake - Some research suggests there may be benefits to drinking alcohol in moderation, it's best to watch the amount you drink. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends no more that 1 drink per day for women and 2 for men.
- Avoid too much sun and use protection - The journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomakers and Prevention found that women who had at least 5 sunburns between the ages of 15 and 20 had an 80% increased risk of melanoma. Most skin cancers can be prevented with good skin care, which means avoiding prolonged sun exposure and wearing sunscreen everyday.
- Breastfeed - Breastfeeding lowers estrogen levels in the body, which is protective factor breast cancer.
- Hepatitis b and HPV vaccines for your children - 2 childhood vaccinations can ward off cancer later in life. Hepatitis B is a virus that is spread through contact with bodily fluids, causes 80% of all primary liver cancers. Since 1990, hepatitis B rates have fallen more than 80% - a direct result of the hepatitis B vaccine. HPV is a group of more than 150 sexually-transmitted viruses that can cause cervical and vulvar cancers.
- Book a cancer screening program - Regular screening and tests such as mammograms, colonoscopies, and prostate exams are recommended for specific age groups. Speak to your doctor regularly about cancer screenings based on your risk factors, age and medical history.
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